Map Guinea
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Guinea


Background: Guinea has had a history of authoritarian rule since gaining its independence from France in 1958. Lansana CONTE came to power in 1984 when the military seized the government after the death of the first president, Sekou TOURE. Guinea did not hold democratic elections until 1993 when Gen. CONTE (head of the military government) was elected president of the civilian government. He was reelected in 1998 and again in 2003, though all the polls were marred by irregularities. History repeated itself in December 2008 when following President CONTE's death, Capt. Moussa Dadis CAMARA led a military coup, seizing power and suspending the constitution. His unwillingness to yield to domestic and international pressure to step down led to heightened political tensions that culminated in September 2009 when presidential guards opened fire on an opposition rally killing more than 150 people, and in early December 2009 when CAMARA was wounded in an assassination attempt and evacuated to Morocco and subsequently to Burkina Faso. A transitional government led by General Sekouba KONATE held democratic elections in 2010 and Alpha CONDE was elected president in the country's first free and fair elections since independence.
Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone
Area land: 245,717 sq km
Area water: 140 sq km
Coastline: 320 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Guinea
Country name conventional short form: Guinea
Country name former: French Guinea
Population: 10,601,009 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 42.5% (male 2,278,048/female 2,229,602); 15-64 years: 54% (male 2,860,845/female 2,860,004); 65 years and over: 3.5% (male 164,051/female 208,459) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 2.645% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 36.9 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 10.45 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female; total population: 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 61.03 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 64.29 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 57.68 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 58.11 years; male: 56.63 years; female: 59.64 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 5.1 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 1.3% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 79,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 4,700 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Guinean(s); adjective: Guinean;
Ethnic groups: Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%;
Religions: Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7%;
Languages: French (official); note - each ethnic group has its own language;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 29.5%; male: 42.6%; female: 18.1% (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $10.6 billion (2010 est.); $10.3 billion (2009 est.); $10.67 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $4.344 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 3% (2010 est.); -3.5% (2009 est.); 4.7% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,000 (2010 est.); $1,000 (2009 est.); $1,100 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 25.8%; industry: 45.7%; services: 28.5% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 47% (2006 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 1.9%; highest 10%: 41% (2006);
Labor force: 4.392 million (2007 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 76%; industry and services: 24% (2006 est.);
Unemployment rate: NA% est.);
Budget: revenues: $574.1 million; expenditures: $875.4 million (2010 est.);
Industries: bauxite, gold, diamonds, iron; alumina refining; light manufacturing, and agricultural processing;
Industrial production growth rate: 3% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 850 million kWh;
note: excludes electricity generated at interior mining sites (2007 est.)

Electricity - consumption: 790.5 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Guinea in the News

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Displaying 1 to 4 of 7 items.

Ebola: A Global Wake-Up Call

The Ebola outbreak in West Africa is challenging the health systems of some very poor countries, and a proper response requires global cooperation.

Guinea Making Steps toward Democracy

In a country that has seen a succession of brutal military leaders, the sudden prospect of fair elections forthcoming gives the people of Guinea new hope.

The Coke Coast: Cocaine and Failed States in Africa

The drug trade is fast turning large parts of West Africa into areas that are all but ungovernable, with major implications for international security.

Papua New Guinea: The World's First Climate Change 'Refugees'

The 1,500 residents of Carteret Island, an atoll of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea, are fast becoming the world's first climate change refugees.