Map Tuvalu
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Tuvalu


Background: In 1974, ethnic differences within the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands caused the Polynesians of the Ellice Islands to vote for separation from the Micronesians of the Gilbert Islands. The following year, the Ellice Islands became the separate British colony of Tuvalu. Independence was granted in 1978. In 2000, Tuvalu negotiated a contract leasing its Internet domain name ".tv" for $50 million in royalties over a 12-year period.
Location: Oceania, island group consisting of nine coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Area land: 26 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 24 km
Country name conventional long form: none
Country name conventional short form: Tuvalu
Country name former: Ellice Islands
Population: 10,544 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 30.6% (male 1,656/female 1,569); 15-64 years: 64% (male 3,294/female 3,459); 65 years and over: 5.4% (male 238/female 328) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.702% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 23.24 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 9.2 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -7.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.042 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female; total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 34.52 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 37.56 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 31.33 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 64.75 years; male: 62.7 years; female: 66.9 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 3.11 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Tuvaluan(s); adjective: Tuvaluan;
Ethnic groups: Polynesian 96%, Micronesian 4%;
Religions: Church of Tuvalu (Congregationalist) 97%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%, Baha'i 1%, other 0.6%;
Languages: Tuvaluan (official), English (official), Samoan, Kiribati (on the island of Nui);
Literacy: NA;
GDP (purchasing power parity): $14.94 million (2002 est.);
GDP (official exchange rate): $14.94 million (2002);
GDP - real growth rate: 3% (2006 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,600 (2002 est.);
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 16.6%; industry: 27.2%; services: 56.2% (2002);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 3,615 (2004 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: note: people make a living mainly through exploitation of the sea, reefs, and atolls and from wages sent home by those abroad (mostly workers in the phosphate industry and sailors);
Unemployment rate: NA%;
Budget: revenues: $21.54 million; expenditures: $23.05 million (2006);
Industries: fishing, tourism, copra;
Industrial production growth rate: NA%;
Electricity - production: 
Electricity - consumption: 
Electricity - exports: 
Electricity - imports: 

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.