Map Tanzania
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Tanzania


Background: Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities. The formation of a government of national unity between Zanzibar's two leading parties succeeded in minimizing electoral tension in 2010
Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique
Area land: 885,800 sq km
Area water: 61,500 sq km
Coastline: 1,424 km
Country name conventional long form: United Republic of Tanzania
Country name conventional short form: Tanzania
Country name former: United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar
Population: 42,746,620
Age structure: 0-14 years: 42% (male 9,003,152/female 8,949,061); 15-64 years: 55.1% (male 11,633,721/female 11,913,951); 65 years and over: 2.9% (male 538,290/female 708,445) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 2.002% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 32.64 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 12.09 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -0.53 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female; total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 66.93 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 73.7 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 59.95 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 52.85 years; male: 51.34 years; female: 54.42 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 4.16 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 5.6% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 1.4 million (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 86,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Tanzanian(s); adjective: Tanzanian;
Ethnic groups: mainland - African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, African, mixed Arab and African;
Religions: mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim;
Languages: Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages;

note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic; total population: 69.4%; male: 77.5%; female: 62.2% (2002 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $62.22 billion (2010 est.); $58.48 billion (2009 est.); $55.17 billion (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $22.43 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 6.4% (2010 est.); 6% (2009 est.); 7.4% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,500 (2010 est.); $1,400 (2009 est.); $1,400 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 41.6%; industry: 18.1%; services: 38.4% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 36% (2002 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.9%; highest 10%: 26.9% (2000);
Labor force: 21.86 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 80%; industry and services: 20% (2002 est.);
Unemployment rate: NA%;
Budget: revenues: $4.263 billion; expenditures: $5.644 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); diamond, gold, and iron mining, salt, soda ash; cement, oil refining, shoes, apparel, wood products, fertilizer;
Industrial production growth rate: 7% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 3.786 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 3.182 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008);
Electricity - imports: 200 million kWh (2007 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.


Arusha Times

Arusha City

Guardian, The

Dar es Salaam

Tanzania in the News

Tanzania: Poverty and The Press

For the vast majority of Tanzanians, it is the radio that reigns supreme in providing their news.

Radar Row

Tanzania's plans to purchase a state-of-the-art, but expensive, air traffic control system have touched off a lively debate in the East African press. Correspondent Daniel Teng'o reports.

Zanzibar's Mufti

Moves to make to the mufti of Zanzibar a legal position have been met with protests. Sarah Coleman reviews the east African press.