Map Portugal
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Portugal


Background: Following its heyday as a global maritime power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of its wealthiest colony of Brazil in 1822. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986. In January 2011, Portugal assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2011-12 term.
Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain
Area land: 91,470 sq km
Area water: 620 sq km
Coastline: 1,793 km
Country name conventional long form: Portuguese Republic
Country name conventional short form: Portugal
Country name former: Portuguese Republic
Population: 10,760,305 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 16.2% (male 910,012/female 835,025); 15-64 years: 65.8% (male 3,539,457/female 3,541,989); 65 years and over: 18% (male 791,950/female 1,141,872) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.212% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 9.94 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 10.8 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 2.98 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.067 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.09 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female; total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 4.66 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 5.11 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 4.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.54 years; male: 75.28 years; female: 82.01 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.5 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.6% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 42,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 500 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Portuguese (singular and plural); adjective: Portuguese;
Ethnic groups: homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal;
Religions: Roman Catholic 84.5%, other Christian 2.2%, other 0.3%, unknown 9%, none 3.9% (2001 census);
Languages: Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official - but locally used);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 93.3%; male: 95.5%; female: 91.3% (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $247 billion (2010 est.); $244.5 billion (2009 est.); $251 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $223.7 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 1% (2010 est.); -2.6% (2009 est.); 0% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $23,000 (2010 est.); $22,800 (2009 est.); $23,500 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 2.6%; industry: 23%; services: 74.5% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 18% (2006);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3.1%; highest 10%: 28.4% (1995 est.);
Labor force: 5.57 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 11.7%; industry: 28.5%; services: 59.8% (2009 est.);
Unemployment rate: 10.7% (2010 est.); 9.5% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $93.61 billion; expenditures: $110.2 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: textiles, clothing, footwear, wood and cork, paper, chemicals, auto-parts manufacturing, base metals, dairy products, wine and other foods, porcelain and ceramics, glassware, technology, telecommunications; ship construction and refurbishment; tourism;
Industrial production growth rate: 0.9% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 44.47 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 48.78 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 1.313 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 10.74 billion kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.


Correio da Manhá


Diario de Noticias

(Independent), Lisbon

Diário Digital

(Online news portal), Lisbon


(Independent weekly), Lisbon

Jornal de Negócios

(Business daily), Lisbon

O Público

(Independent), Lisbon



Portugal in the News

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Displaying 1 to 4 of 5 items.

International Green Summit to be Held in Portugal

The I.G.S. will connect activists, advocates, organizations, policy makers, practitioners, innovators, businesses and green leaders from around the globe.

Portugal Announces New Wave Energy Project

Having the advantage of a large coastline open to the Atlantic and a government willing to commit to the enterprise, the Portuguese are well placed to lead the world in wave-generated energy.

The Castles of Portugal

Today, Portugal’s more than 150 forts and castles are enduring monuments to the nation’s will to be independent.

Weekend in São Miguel

Try a three-day weekend visit to the islands of the Azores, which has breathtaking views of volcanic crater lakes, lush hillsides that sweep down to deep blue-green water.