Map Nauru
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Nauru


Background: The exact origins of the Nauruans are unclear since their language does not resemble any other in the Pacific. The island was annexed by Germany in 1888. Its phosphate deposits began to be mined early in the 20th century by a German-British consortium. Nauru was occupied by Australian forces in World War I and subsequently became a League of Nations mandate. After the Second World War - and a brutal occupation by Japan - Nauru became a UN trust territory. It achieved independence in 1968 and joined the UN in 1999 as the world's smallest independent republic.
Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands
Area land: 21 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 30 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Nauru
Country name conventional short form: Nauru
Country name former: Pleasant Island
Population: 9,322 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 33% (male 1,398/female 1,682); 15-64 years: 65.3% (male 2,996/female 3,093); 65 years and over: 1.6% (male 68/female 85) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.611% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 27.78 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 6.11 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -15.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 0.837 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 1 male(s)/female; total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 8.66 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 11.15 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 6.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 65.35 years; male: 61.27 years; female: 68.75 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 3.08 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Nauruan(s); adjective: Nauruan;
Ethnic groups: Nauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%;
Religions: Nauru Congregational 35.4%, Roman Catholic 33.2%, Nauru Independent Church 10.4%, other 14.1%, none 4.5%, unspecified 2.4% (2002 census);
Languages: Nauruan (official; a distinct Pacific Island language), English widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes;
Literacy: NA;
GDP (purchasing power parity): $60 million (2005 est.);
GDP (official exchange rate): $NA;
GDP - real growth rate: NA%;
GDP - per capita (PPP): $5,000 (2005 est.);
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%; industry: NA%; services: NA%;
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 
Labor force - by occupation: note: employed in mining phosphates, public administration, education, and transportation (1992);
Unemployment rate: 90% (2004 est.);
Budget: revenues: $13.5 million; expenditures: $13.5 million (2005);
Industries: phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products;
Industrial production growth rate: NA%;
Electricity - production: 31 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 28.83 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.