Map Monaco
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Monaco


Background: The Genoese built a fortress on the site of present day Monaco in 1215. The current ruling Grimaldi family first seized temporary control in 1297, and again in 1331, but were not able to permanently secure their holding until 1419. Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France and the opening of a casino. Since then, the principality's mild climate, splendid scenery, and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center.
Location: Western Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of France, near the border with Italy
Area land: 2 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 4.1 km
Country name conventional long form: Principality of Monaco
Country name conventional short form: Monaco
Country name former: Principality of Monaco
Population: 30,539 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 12.3% (male 1,930/female 1,841); 15-64 years: 60.8% (male 9,317/female 9,249); 65 years and over: 26.9% (male 3,640/female 4,562) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: -0.124% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 6.94 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 8.28 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.039 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female; total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 1.79 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 2.04 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 1.54 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 89.73 years; male: 85.77 years; female: 93.84 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.5 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Monegasque(s) or Monacan(s); adjective: Monegasque or Monacan;
Ethnic groups: French 47%, Monegasque 16%, Italian 16%, other 21%;
Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%;
Languages: French (official), English, Italian, Monegasque;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 99%; male: 99%; female: 99% (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $976.3 million (2006 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $NA;
GDP - real growth rate: NA% (2000 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $30,000 (2006 est.);
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 0%; industry: 4.9%; services: 95.1% (2005);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 44,000;
note: includes workers from all foreign countries (2005 est.)

Labor force - by occupation: 
Unemployment rate: 0% (2005);
Budget: revenues: $863 million; expenditures: $920.6 million (2005 est.);
Industries: tourism, construction, small-scale industrial and consumer products;
Industrial production growth rate: NA%;
Electricity - production: 
Electricity - consumption: NA kWh;
Electricity - exports: 
Electricity - imports: NA kWh; note - electricity supplied by France;

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.