Map Moldova
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Moldova


Background: Part of Romania during the interwar period, Moldova was incorporated into the Soviet Union at the close of World War II. Although the country has been independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Dniester River supporting the Slavic majority population, mostly Ukrainians and Russians, who have proclaimed a "Transnistria" republic. One of the poorest nations in Europe, Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a Communist, Vladimir VORONIN, as its president in 2001. VORONIN served as Moldova's president until he resigned in September 2009, following the opposition's gain of a narrow majority in July parliamentary elections and the Communist Party's (PCRM) subsequent inability to attract the three-fifths of parliamentary votes required to elect a president. Moldova's four opposition parties formed a new coalition, the Alliance for European Integration (AIE), which acted as Moldova's governing coalition until December 2010. Moldova experienced significant political uncertainty in 2009 and 2010, holding three general elections (in April 2009, July 2009, and November 2010) and four presidential ballots in parliament, all of which failed to secure a president. Following the November 2010 parliamentary elections, a reconstituted AIE-coalition of three parties formed a government, but remains two votes short of the three-fifths majority required to elect a president.
Location: Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania
Area land: 32,891 sq km
Area water: 960 sq km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Moldova
Country name conventional short form: Moldova
Country name former: Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, Moldovan Soviet Socialist Republic
Population: 4,314,377 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 15.5% (male 344,101/female 325,995); 15-64 years: 74% (male 1,550,386/female 1,643,108); 65 years and over: 10.4% (male 164,512/female 286,275) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: -0.072% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 11.16 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 10.74 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -1.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.059 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.58 male(s)/female; total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 12.43 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 13.85 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 10.92 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.37 years; male: 67.68 years; female: 75.28 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.29 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.4% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 12,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Moldovan(s); adjective: Moldovan;
Ethnic groups: Moldovan/Romanian 78.2%, Ukrainian 8.4%, Russian 5.8%, Gagauz 4.4%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 1.3% (2004 census);

note: internal disputes with ethnic Slavs in the Transnistrian region

Religions: Eastern Orthodox 98%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist and other 0.5% (2000);
Languages: Moldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 99.1%; male: 99.7%; female: 98.6% (2005 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $11.01 billion (2010 est.); $10.33 billion (2009 est.); $10.99 billion (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $5.357 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 6.5% (2010 est.); -6% (2009 est.); 7.8% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,500 (2010 est.); $2,400 (2009 est.); $2,500 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 16.3%; industry: 20.1%; services: 63.6% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 26.3% (2009);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3%; highest 10%: 28.2% (2004);
Labor force: 1.203 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 40.6%; industry: 16%; services: 43.3% (2005);
Unemployment rate: 6.5% (3rd quarter, 2010 est.); 3.1% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $2.164 billion; expenditures: $2.462 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: sugar, vegetable oil, food processing, agricultural machinery; foundry equipment, refrigerators and freezers, washing machines; hosiery, shoes, textiles;
Industrial production growth rate: 7% (2010);
Electricity - production: 3.617 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 4.37 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 240 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - imports: 2.931 billion kWh (2007 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.


Info-Prim Neo

(News agency), Chisinau

Jurnal de Chisinau

(Independent), Chisinau

Moldova in the News

Moldavia: Between Revolution and Geopolitics

Popular protests about the recent Community Party win in Moldova is unlikely to change the country's political landscape.