Democratic Republic of Congo

Map Democratic Republic of Congo
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Democratic Republic of Congo


Population:  56,625,039 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2003 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 48.3% (male 13,734,706; female 13,624,579) 15-64 years: 49.2% (male 13,648,155; female 14,203,077) 65 years and over: 2.5% (male 583,366; female 831,156) (2003 est.)
Population growth rate: 2.9% (2003 est.)
Birth rate: 45.12 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Death rate: 14.87 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Net migration rate: -1.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population note: fighting between the Congolese Government and Uganda- and Rwanda-backed Congolese rebels spawned a regional war in DROC in August 1998, which left 1.8 million Congolese internally displaced and caused 300,000 Congolese refugees to flee to surrounding countries (2003 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 96.56 deaths/1,000 live births female: 87.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.) male: 105.15 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 48.93 years male: 46.83 years female: 51.09 years (2003 est.)
Total fertility rate: 6.69 children born/woman (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 4.9% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 1.3 million (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 120,000 (2001 est.)
Nationality: noun: Congolese (singular and plural) adjective: Congolese or Congo
Ethnic groups: over 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population
Religions: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs 10%
Languages: French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write French, Lingala, Kingwana, or Tshiluba total population: 65.5% male: 76.2% female: 55.1% (2003 est.)
GDP: purchasing power parity - $34 billion (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 3.5% (2002 est.)
GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $610 (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:  agriculture: 55% industry: 11% services: 34% (2000 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 16% (2002 est.)
Labor force: 14.51 million (1993 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: NA
Unemployment rate: NA%
Budget:  revenues: $269 million expenditures: $244 million, including capital expenditures of $24 million (1996 est.)
Industries: mining (diamonds, copper, zinc), mineral processing, consumer products (including textiles, footwear, cigarettes, processed foods and beverages), cement
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Electricity - production: 5.243 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 1.8% hydro: 98.2% other: 0% (2001) nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption: 3.839 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports: 1.097 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports: 60 million kWh (2001)
Agriculture - products: coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, quinine, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, bananas, root crops, corn, fruits; wood products
Exports:  $1.2 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Exports - commodities: diamonds, copper, crude oil, coffee, cobalt
Exports - partners: Belgium 59.7%, US 12.9%, Zimbabwe 7.4%, France 6.9%, South Africa, Finland, Italy (2000)
Imports:  $890 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, mining and other machinery, transport equipment, fuels
Imports - partners: South Africa 18.2%, Belgium 16.4%, Nigeria 11.8%, France 5.9%, Kenya, China (2000)
Debt - external:  $12.9 billion (2000 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:  $195.3 million (1995)
Currency: Congolese franc (CDF)
Currency code: CDF
Exchange rates: Congolese francs per US dollar - 346.49 (2002), 206.62 (2001), 21.82 (2000), 4.02 (1999), 1.61 (1998)
Fiscal year: calendar year

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Democratic Republic of Congo in the News

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Displaying 9 to 12 of 45 items.

Building a State for the Congolese People

By bringing into office the first truly elected government in four decades, the presidential, legislative, and provincial assembly elections of 2006 opened the door for the possibility of deeper reform.

Congo: Ambitious Conference Aims to Bring Peace to Kivus

Although relative security has since returned to most of Congo, the Kivus remain mired in violence with little sign that deep-seated causes of tension and conflict are anywhere near resolution.

Congo: Controversy Ahead of Legislative Elections

Barely two months before legislative elections in the Republic of Congo, a row is raging between the government and opposition over the composition of the electoral commission.

Elections Offer Little Alternative

Sadly, the elections offered little in the way of a real alternative for most Congolese; rather, the run-up to the elections has been marked by a further phase of plunder.