Cape Verde

Map Cape Verde
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Cape Verde


Background: The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; Cape Verde subsequently became a trading center for African slaves and later an important coaling and resupply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping. Following independence in 1975, and a tentative interest in unification with Guinea-Bissau, a one-party system was established and maintained until multi-party elections were held in 1990. Cape Verde continues to exhibit one of Africa's most stable democratic governments. Repeated droughts during the second half of the 20th century caused significant hardship and prompted heavy emigration. As a result, Cape Verde's expatriate population is greater than its domestic one. Most Cape Verdeans have both African and Portuguese antecedents.
Location: Western Africa, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal
Area land: 4,033 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 965 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Cape Verde
Country name conventional short form: Cape Verde
Country name former: Republic of Cape Verde
Population: 516,100 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 32.6% (male 84,545/female 83,718); 15-64 years: 61.9% (male 154,697/female 164,917); 65 years and over: 5.5% (male 10,648/female 17,575) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.446% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 21.47 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 6.34 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -0.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.61 male(s)/female; total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 26.94 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 30.8 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 22.96 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 70.7 years; male: 68.51 years; female: 72.96 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.49 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.04% (2001 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 775 (2001);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 225 (as of 2001);
Nationality: noun: Cape Verdean(s); adjective: Cape Verdean;
Ethnic groups: Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%;
Religions: Roman Catholic (infused with indigenous beliefs), Protestant (mostly Church of the Nazarene);
Languages: Portuguese (official), Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 76.6%; male: 85.8%; female: 69.2% (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.861 billion (2010 est.); $1.781 billion (2009 est.); $1.749 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $1.573 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 4.5% (2010 est.); 1.8% (2009 est.); 5.9% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $3,700 (2010 est.); $3,600 (2009 est.); $3,500 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 9%; industry: 16.2%; services: 74.8% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 30% (2000);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 1.9%; highest 10%: 40.6% (2001);
Labor force: 196,100 (2007);
Labor force - by occupation: 
Unemployment rate: 21% (2000 est.);
Budget: revenues: $520.7 million; expenditures: $680.8 million (2010 est.);
Industries: food and beverages, fish processing, shoes and garments, salt mining, ship repair;
Industrial production growth rate: 4% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 250 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 232.5 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Cape Verde in the News

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