Map Botswana
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Botswana


Background: Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966. Four decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most dynamic economies in Africa. Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the country's conservation practices and extensive nature preserves. Botswana has one of the world's highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection, but also one of Africa's most progressive and comprehensive programs for dealing with the disease.
Location: Southern Africa, north of South Africa
Area land: 566,730 sq km
Area water: 15,000 sq km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Botswana
Country name conventional short form: Botswana
Country name former: Bechuanaland
Population: 2,065,398
Age structure: 0-14 years: 33.9% (male 356,346/female 343,452); 15-64 years: 62.2% (male 649,931/female 634,998); 65 years and over: 3.9% (male 32,542/female 48,129) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.656% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 22.31 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 10.57 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 4.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female; total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 11.14 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 11.76 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 10.51 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 58.05 years; male: 58.78 years; female: 57.3 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.5 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 24.8% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 320,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 5,800 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural); adjective: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural);
Ethnic groups: Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%;
Religions: Christian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, other 1.4%, unspecified 0.4%, none 20.6% (2001 census);
Languages: Setswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 81.2%; male: 80.4%; female: 81.8% (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $26.56 billion (2010 est.); $25.76 billion (2009 est.); $27.23 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $12.5 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 3.1% (2010 est.); -5.4% (2009 est.); 2.9% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $13,100 (2010 est.); $12,900 (2009 est.); $13,900 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 2.3%; industry: 45.8%; services: 51.9% (2009 est.);
Population below poverty line: 30.3% (2003);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 685,300 formal sector employees (2007);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: NA%; industry: NA%; services: NA%;
Unemployment rate: 7.5% (2007 est.);
Budget: revenues: $4.165 billion; expenditures: $5.888 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver; livestock processing; textiles;
Industrial production growth rate: 6.9% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 1.052 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 2.648 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 2.181 billion kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.



(Independent weekly), Gabarone

Voice, The

(Independent weekly tabloid), Gaborone

Botswana in the News

HIV and AIDS: The End of the Beginning

A large number of HIV infections have been treated or prevented in the last decade, but in some ways the battle against the global epidemic has just begun.

Kalahari Bushmen Fight Government Intransigence

Despite last year's court ruling that the Kalahari Bushmen be allowed to return to their ancestral lands, reports indicate that the government of Botswana was preventing the Bushmen from returning.