Map Austria
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Austria


Background: Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies in 1945, Austria's status remained unclear for a decade. A State Treaty signed in 1955 ended the occupation, recognized Austria's independence, and forbade unification with Germany. A constitutional law that same year declared the country's "perpetual neutrality" as a condition for Soviet military withdrawal. The Soviet Union's collapse in 1991 and Austria's entry into the European Union in 1995 have altered the meaning of this neutrality. A prosperous, democratic country, Austria entered the EU Economic and Monetary Union in 1999.
Location: Central Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia
Area land: 82,445 sq km
Area water: 1,426 sq km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Austria
Country name conventional short form: Austria
Country name former: Republic of Austria
Population: 8,217,280 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 14% (male 590,855/female 563,300); 15-64 years: 67.7% (male 2,793,725/female 2,769,840); 65 years and over: 18.2% (male 627,456/female 872,104) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.034% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 8.67 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 10.14 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 1.81 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.051 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female; total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 4.32 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 5.23 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 3.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 79.78 years; male: 76.87 years; female: 82.84 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.4 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.3% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 15,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 100 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Austrian(s); adjective: Austrian;
Ethnic groups: Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001 census);
Religions: Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12% (2001 census);
Languages: German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 census);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 98%; male: NA; female: NA;
GDP (purchasing power parity): $332.6 billion (2010 est.); $326 billion (2009 est.); $339.3 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $366.3 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 2% (2010 est.); -3.9% (2009 est.); 2.2% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $40,300 (2010 est.); $39,800 (2009 est.); $41,300 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 1.5%; industry: 29.4%; services: 69.1% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 6% (2008);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 4%; highest 10%: 22% (2007);
Labor force: 3.7 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 5.5%; industry: 27.5%; services: 67% (2009 est.);
Unemployment rate: 4.5% (2010 est.); 4.8% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $172.1 billion; expenditures: $189.4 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, metals, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism;
Industrial production growth rate: 7% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 68.85 billion kWh (2009 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 65.67 billion kWh (2009 est.);
Electricity - exports: 18.76 billion kWh (2009 est.);
Electricity - imports: 19.54 billion kWh (2009 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.


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Displaying 1 to 7 of 11 items.

Der Standard

(Liberal), Vienna

Die Presse

(Conservative), Vienna

Kleine Zeitung

(Liberal, Catholic-oriented), Graz


(Centrist), Vienna

Neue Kronen-Zeitung

(Mass-circulation), Vienna


(Weekly magazine), Vienna

Oberösterreichische Nachrichten

(Centrist), Linz

Austria in the News

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Displaying 1 to 4 of 6 items.

South-Eastern Europe's Natural Gas Pipeline Competition

With top energy producers in South-Eastern Europe vying for shares of the market, current pipeline competition will shape energy and political landscapes for the near future.

Alternatives to the War on Drugs

In this interview, Dr. Evan Wood talks about how the War on Drugs has backfired and about various addiction-treatment and harm-reduction approaches that have proven more effective.

Austria's Marriage with Iran: a Perilous Relationship

While members of the European Union are vocal about sanctions against Iran, Austria remains silent on account of its many business connections.

Turkey and the European Union

Comment and analysis from Beirut, Istanbul, Cologne and London.