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Estonia

Map Estonia
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Estonia

Facts

Background: After centuries of Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule, Estonia attained independence in 1918. Forcibly incorporated into the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US - it regained its freedom in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since the last Russian troops left in 1994, Estonia has been free to promote economic and political ties with the West. It joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.
Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia
Area land: 42,388 sq km
Area water: 2,840 sq km
Coastline: 3,794 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Estonia
Country name conventional short form: Estonia
Country name former: Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
Population: 1,282,963 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 15.1% (male 99,919/female 94,066); 15-64 years: 67.2% (male 410,132/female 451,736); 65 years and over: 17.7% (male 74,803/female 152,307) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: -0.641% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 10.45 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 13.55 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -3.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.063 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.49 male(s)/female; total population: 0.84 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 7.06 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 8.21 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 5.85 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 73.33 years; male: 68.02 years; female: 78.97 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.44 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 1.2% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 9,900 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 500 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Estonian(s); adjective: Estonian;
Ethnic groups: Estonian 68.7%, Russian 25.6%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Belarusian 1.2%, Finn 0.8%, other 1.6% (2008 census);
Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 13.6%, Orthodox 12.8%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 1.4%, unaffiliated 34.1%, other and unspecified 32%, none 6.1% (2000 census);
Languages: Estonian (official) 67.3%, Russian 29.7%, other 2.3%, unknown 0.7% (2000 census);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 99.8%; male: 99.8%; female: 99.8% (2000 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $24.65 billion (2010 est.); $24.07 billion (2009 est.); $27.96 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $18.8 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 2.4% (2010 est.); -13.9% (2009 est.); -5.1% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $19,000 (2010 est.); $18,500 (2009 est.); $21,400 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 2.5%; industry: 28.7%; services: 68.8% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 19.7% (2008);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.7%; highest 10%: 27.7% (2004);
Labor force: 688,000 (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 2.8%; industry: 22.7%; services: 74.5% (2008);
Unemployment rate: 17.5% (2010 est.); 13.8% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $7.851 billion; expenditures: $8.21 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textiles; information technology, telecommunications;
Industrial production growth rate: 10% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 8.779 billion kWh (2009 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 7.08 billion kWh (2009 est.);
Electricity - exports: 2.943 billion kWh (2009 est.);
Electricity - imports: 3.025 billion kWh (2009 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

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Displaying 1 to 7 of 11 items.

Äripäev

Tallinn
http://www.aripaev.ee

Baltic News Service

Tallinn
http://www.bns.ee/

Eest Elu

Tallinn
http://www.eesti.ca/main.php

Eesti Ekspress

(Online publication), Tallinn
http://www.ekspress.ee/

Eesti Kirik

Tallinn
http://www.eestikirik.ee/

Eesti Päevaleht

Tallinn
http://www.epl.ee

Estonian Free Press

(English-language), Tallinn
http://www.estonianfreepress.com/

Estonia in the News

A Remarkable Diplomatic Row Between Estonia and Holland

On June 6, in a letter that turned up in the Dutch press, the Dutch ambassador complained about widespread racism and homophobia in Estonian society …

NATO Expands Eastward

Comment from Estonia, Lithuania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, and Macedonia

 


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