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Tajikistan

Map Tajikistan
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Tajikistan

Facts

Background: The Tajik people came under Russian rule in the 1860s and 1870s, but Russia's hold on Central Asia weakened following the Revolution of 1917. Bolshevik control of the area was fiercely contested and not fully reestablished until 1925. Much of present-day Sughd province was transferred from the Uzbek SSR to the newly formed Tajik SSR in 1929. Ethnic Uzbeks form a substantial minority in Tajikistan. Tajikistan became independent in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union, and experienced a civil war between regional factions from 1992-97. Tajikistan experienced several security incidents in 2010, including a mass prison-break from a Dushanbe detention facility, the country's first suicide car bombing in Khujand, and armed conflict between government forces and opposition militants in the Rasht Valley. The country remains the poorest in the former Soviet sphere. Attention by the international community since the beginning of the NATO intervention in Afghanistan has brought increased economic development and security assistance, which could create jobs and strengthen stability in the long term. Tajikistan is seeking WTO membership and has joined NATO's Partnership for Peace.
Location: Central Asia, west of China, south of Kyrgyzstan
Area land: 141,510 sq km
Area water: 2,590 sq km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Tajikistan
Country name conventional short form: Tajikistan
Country name former: Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic
Population: 7,627,200 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 33.9% (male 1,316,623/female 1,270,899); 15-64 years: 62.7% (male 2,368,554/female 2,413,982); 65 years and over: 3.4% (male 108,896/female 148,246) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.846% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 26.29 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 6.6 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -1.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female; total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 38.54 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 43.21 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 33.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 66.03 years; male: 62.97 years; female: 69.25 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.89 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.2% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 9,100 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 500 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Tajikistani(s); adjective: Tajikistani;
Ethnic groups: Tajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6% (2000 census);
Religions: Sunni Muslim 85%, Shia Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.);
Languages: Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 99.5%; male: 99.7%; female: 99.2% (2000 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $14.61 billion (2010 est.); $13.85 billion (2009 est.); $13.4 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $5.578 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 5.5% (2010 est.); 3.4% (2009 est.); 7.9% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,000 (2010 est.); $1,900 (2009 est.); $1,900 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 19.2%; industry: 22.6%; services: 58.1% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 53% (2009 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3.3%; highest 10%: 25.6% (2007 est.);
Labor force: 2.1 million (2009);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 49.8%; industry: 12.8%; services: 37.4% (2009 est.);
Unemployment rate: 2.2% (2009 est.); 2.3% (2008 est.);
note: official rates; actual unemployment is much higher

Budget: revenues: $1.482 billion; expenditures: $1.538 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: aluminum, cement, vegetable oil;
Industrial production growth rate: 7.5% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 16.1 billion kWh (2009 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 16.7 billion kWh (2009);
Electricity - exports: 1 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 338.5 million kWh (2010 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Tajikistan in the News

Tajikistan: Condemning the War

Swedish Paper Dagens Nyheter finds that many in Tajikistan condemn the war in Afghanistan

 


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