Saint Kitts Nevis

Map Saint Kitts Nevis
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Saint Kitts Nevis


Background: Carib Indians occupied the islands for hundreds of years before the British began settlement in 1623. The islands became an associated state of the UK with full internal autonomy in 1967. The island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. Saint Kitts and Nevis achieved independence in 1983. In 1998, a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed. Nevis continues in its efforts to separate from Saint Kitts.
Location: Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago
Area land: 261 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 135 km
Country name conventional long form: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Country name conventional short form: Saint Kitts and Nevis
Country name former: Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
Population: 50,314 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 22.8% (male 5,701/female 5,755); 15-64 years: 69.6% (male 17,740/female 17,297); 65 years and over: 7.6% (male 1,681/female 2,140) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.823% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 14.07 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 7.1 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 1.25 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 0.99 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female; total population: 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 9.66 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 6.36 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 13.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.6 years; male: 72.25 years; female: 77.01 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.79 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Kittitian(s), Nevisian(s); adjective: Kittitian, Nevisian;
Ethnic groups: predominantly black; some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese;
Religions: Anglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic;
Languages: English (official);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school; total population: 97.8%; male: NA; female: NA (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $719.5 million (2010 est.); $730.5 million (2009 est.); $772.7 million (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $562 million (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: -1.5% (2010 est.); -5.5% (2009 est.); 4.6% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $14,400 (2010 est.); $14,800 (2009 est.); $15,700 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 3.5%; industry: 25.8%; services: 70.7% (2001);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 18,170 (June 1995);
Labor force - by occupation: 
Unemployment rate: 4.5% (1997);
Budget: revenues: $212.4 million; expenditures: $232.1 million (2008 est.);
Industries: tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages;
Industrial production growth rate: NA%;
Electricity - production: 130 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 120.9 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

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